Decision of the Executive Board of Education International (EI) on terrorist attacks in Mozambique
In its virtual meeting on December 9, 2020, the EI Board urged the Mozambique government, the South African development community, the African Union and the international community to take urgent action to protect schools, educators and students from attack. Provide security and support to victims of terrorist attacks.
She also expressed her solidarity with the ONP, teachers, students and other violent individuals and supported the provision of material aid, including shelter, food and clothing for displaced teachers and school supplies for students, and appealed to affiliates to show solidarity with the ONP.
The resolution was inspired by reports from the Organizaçao Nacional dos Professores (ONP) of Mozambique that six teachers were recently murdered by terrorists in the northern province of Cabo Delgato.
According to the United Nations, the terrorist attacks resulted in more than 2,000 deaths and 350,000 displaced persons as well as the destruction of public and private homes and infrastructure. The violence displaced 74,149 students and 1,486 teachers. Educational institutions damaged or forced to close by Terrorist Attack No. 172, including elementary and secondary schools, as well as colleges of education, professional technical schools and agricultural institutes.
The board heard that the terrorists claim to be affiliated with the Islamic State and have been active for three years. Terrorists come from home and abroad, including countries affected by violent extremism and conflict in Africa and outside the continent.
Recalling United Nations Resolution 64/290 on the Right to Education in Emergencies, which urges those involved in armed conflict to respect civilians, students, educational staff and institutions, the EI board urged the government of Mozambique, the South African Development community and the African Union to take urgent action to protect educators and students and resolve the crisis.